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Chris Zacharia

Chris Zacharia


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Zecharia Sitchin

Zecharia Sitchin (11 de julho de 1920 - 9 de outubro de 2010) [1] foi um autor de livros que propõem uma explicação para as origens humanas envolvendo antigos astronautas. Sitchin atribuiu a criação da antiga cultura suméria ao Anunnaki, que ele afirmou ser uma raça de extraterrestres de um planeta além de Netuno chamado Nibiru. Ele afirmou que a mitologia suméria sugere que este planeta hipotético de Nibiru está em uma órbita elíptica alongada de 3.600 anos ao redor do sol. Os livros de Sitchin venderam milhões de cópias em todo o mundo e foram traduzidos para mais de 25 idiomas.

As ideias de Sitchin foram rejeitadas por cientistas e acadêmicos, que consideram seu trabalho pseudociência e pseudo-história. Seu trabalho foi criticado por metodologia falha e erros de tradução de textos antigos, bem como por afirmações astronômicas e científicas incorretas. [2]


Dr. Chris Zacharia

O Dr. Chris Zacharia é psicólogo educacional registrado no HCPC e membro associado da British Psychological Society, com mais de vinte anos de experiência. Ele trabalhou extensivamente com crianças e jovens e foi fundamental na introdução de programas estruturados de alfabetização, Terapia de Aceitação e Compromisso (ACT), Terapia Breve Focada em Soluções, PNL e Coaching nas escolas. Chris contribuiu para vários estudos de pesquisa e publicações, incluindo Apoiando Jovens durante o Luto e a Perda e um capítulo do livro Coaching in Education.

Chris Zacharia é um psicólogo consagrado, especialista em dislexia e TDAH, psicoterapeuta, praticante de CBT, ACT e SFBT, Master Practitioner em PNL e treinador certificado em PNL.

Áreas de interesse

O Dr. Zacharia é um especialista na avaliação de Dificuldades de Aprendizagem Específicas, incluindo:

. Dislexia
. Dispraxia
. Disgrafia
. Discalculia
. ADD / HD
. Fundamentos emocionais das dificuldades de aprendizagem

Ele apoiou várias organizações, incluindo LEAs, universidades e outras empresas de alto perfil em Londres. Ele é um indivíduo muito procurado por causa de sua abordagem profissional e calorosa.


Chris Zacharia

O Dr. Chris Zacharia é membro associado da British Psychological Society e psicólogo com mais de vinte anos de experiência. Ele trabalhou extensivamente com adultos, crianças e jovens e foi fundamental na introdução da Terapia de Aceitação e Compromisso (ACT), PNL e Coaching nas escolas. Chris contribuiu para várias publicações, incluindo o recente livro Coaching in Education.

Chris Zacharia é um psicólogo estabelecido, psicoterapeuta, CBT e praticante ACT, NLP Master Practitioner e treinador certificado de PNL, Time Line Therapy ™, Hipnose, Coaching e Dynamic Spin Release ™.

O Dr. Zacharia também é especialista na avaliação de Dificuldades de Aprendizagem Específicas, incluindo:

. Dislexia
. Dispraxia
. Disgrafia
. Discalculia
. Rastreios para ADD / HD
. Fundamentos emocionais das dificuldades de aprendizagem

Ele apoiou várias organizações, incluindo LEAs, universidades e outras empresas de alto perfil em Londres. Ele é um indivíduo muito procurado por causa de sua abordagem profissional e calorosa.

Certificações

Practitioner de PNL

Praticante Mestre de PNL

Treinador de PNL

Treinado por Tad e Adriana James

Treinador de PNL

Habilidades de especialista

  • Sessões revolucionárias
  • Coaching de Negócios
  • Estratégias de gestão da mudança
  • Construção de confiança
  • Dislexia
  • Distúrbios alimentares
  • Saúde e bem-estar
  • Limitando Crenças
  • Estratégias de Memória
  • Motivação
  • Fobias
  • Habilidades de apresentação
  • Relacionamentos
  • Vendas
  • Desempenho Esportivo
  • Gestão de Stress
  • Consolidação de equipe

Treinamento oferecido

  • Introdutório
  • Diploma
  • Praticante
  • Praticante Mestre
  • Workshops especializados

Reconhecido / regulado por

Ainda estou para postar nenhum estudo de caso. Por favor, volte mais tarde.

Ainda estou para postar quaisquer cursos / workshops. Por favor, volte mais tarde.

Uma resenha de Martin Smithes

Fiquei realmente impressionado com a entrega e o material usado durante o curso de PNL de Chris e # 039. Já estou vendo resultados positivos em minha vida pessoal e profissional, e a PNL e as habilidades adicionais que Chris ensina são de longo alcance e práticas. Eles são benéficos para meus clientes e para a prática terapêutica.


O último romance de Paul Zacharia, A Secret History of Compassion, está imerso em uma grande paródia e, ainda assim, ancorado em algumas das verdades vitais de nosso tempo - a erosão da ideologia, o colapso das instituições, a forma como o vocabulário da justiça social foi transformado em armas .

No início do romance de Paul Zacharia Uma história secreta de compaixão (depois de centenas de contos, seu primeiro romance, bem como seu primeiro livro escrito em inglês), encontramos Lord Spider, autor de ficção do gênero best-seller, enquanto ele está lutando para fazer a transição para a não-ficção. Após 20 anos de potboilers, Spider deseja ampliar seus horizontes. Para facilitar a "mudança de paradigma da ficção para a não ficção", ele diz a sua esposa Rosi que eles deveriam "fazer amor esta noite de forma a obrigar o universo a impor à minha vida um ponto de viragem - uma grande mudança para o não -ficção". Rosi discorda, respondendo com uma teoria que assusta seu marido.

“‘ Além disso ’, concluiu ela,‘ fazer amor é essencialmente ficção. Portanto, ao postular o ato sexual como um ponto de viragem para a não-ficção, você está latindo para a árvore errada.

Spider ficou tão chocado que não conseguiu respirar por alguns segundos. Fazer amor é ficção!

Ele não tinha dados estatísticos comparativos para avaliar seus números de fazer amor, mas achava que, em sua pequena maneira, ele havia feito uma contribuição confiável para o grande ciclo de nascimento, cópula e morte. Era tudo ficção, então? Ele estava arrasado. Seria, ele se perguntou com tristeza, pelo menos ficção adulta? ”

Esta passagem é representativa do tom e do teor de Uma história secreta de compaixão, um romance imerso em grande paródia e, ainda assim, ancorado em algumas das verdades vitais de nosso tempo - a erosão da ideologia, o colapso das instituições, a forma como o vocabulário da justiça social foi transformado em arma e assim por diante. Para mudar para a não ficção, por assim dizer, Spider decide aceitar uma encomenda do Partido Comunista - um ensaio sobre Compaixão. Aí começa uma sequência louca de eventos que muda a visão de Spider sobre a vida e a literatura para sempre, graças a seu novo colaborador Jesus Lambodar Pillai - carrasco profissional, metamorfo habitual, voyeur especialista e aspirante a escritor. Mesmo enquanto Pillai ajuda Spider a escrever não-ficção, a vida de Spider começa a se assemelhar a um de seus próprios romances ultrajantes - apresentando um sósia de Gandhi, um cão que pode ou não ser o agente de Satanás, um Stalin aparentemente reencarnado e o próprio Deus.

Forçando os limites

Falando no lançamento do romance em Delhi, Zacharia disse: “Eu tentei escrever este romance em Malayalam há mais de uma década, dois ou três capítulos. E então me ocorreu que deveria tentar escrever em inglês. ” Zacharia, é claro, é um dos mais aclamados escritores malaiales vivos, autor de mais de 30 livros de contos, novelas e coleções de ensaios, embora apenas três deles tenham sido traduzidos para o inglês até agora.

Paul Zacharia. Wikimedia Commons

“Sou um adorador de determinadas formas de ficção”, disse o autor, “seja a arte do romance ou a arte do conto. Fui nutrido por eles, mas, ao mesmo tempo, gostaria de discordar das formas apresentadas, especialmente a maneira como são usadas na Índia, tanto em inglês como em malaiala. Não estava interessado em escrever um romance sobre as classes médias, sobre seus conflitos conjugais. Eu também sou um homem de classe média, só acho que essa é uma área acabada no que diz respeito à ficção. Então, me esforcei para buscar uma narrativa pura, o tipo de ficção onde tudo pode acontecer. ”

Enquanto Uma história secreta de compaixão tem, de fato, muitas reviravoltas na trama deus ex machina; outra maneira pela qual ele ultrapassa os limites é seu envolvimento com (e crítica de) discursos dialéticos, ou seja, avaliar uma situação considerando as forças opostas. Isso fica aparente em todo o romance - sempre que Spider ou Pillai atingem um obstáculo teórico ao escrever o ensaio Compassion, eles simplesmente mudam as definições de conceitos ou entidades de acordo com sua conveniência. O comunismo fica em dívida com as forças do mercado, Death passa por um exercício de branding para “melhorar sua imagem”, e uma ex-atriz se descreve como a vencedora de uma “Menção Nacional para o Objeto Sexual Mais Caseiro”.

Explicando esse fenômeno, Zacharia disse: "Acho que é o escritor e o não escritor em mim, na conversa, especialmente dado o mundo em que vivemos hoje, onde existem suposições e equívocos sobre tudo. Como o patriotismo, por exemplo, a maneira como essa palavra é espalhada, a maneira como é usada para fins políticos. Há tantas pessoas hoje que desejam que você seja um tipo específico de patriota. Portanto, sem parecer questionar ou debater conceitos seriamente, Spider e Pillai estão tentando mudar suas ideias de patriotismo, amor e compaixão, e tantas outras coisas que consideramos óbvias. ”

É justo que o ensaio Spider e Pillai acabem escrevendo pedindo ao leitor que mude a própria definição de compaixão, para que seja mais compatível com os valores econômicos e políticos do mundo contemporâneo.

A mão esquerda das trevas

Como o ensaio em que Spider está trabalhando foi encomendado pelo Partido Comunista, Uma história secreta de compaixãoO envolvimento de Esquerda é sincero, nuançado, às vezes mordaz e muitas vezes hilário, como o fato de que o ensaio é para um evento destinado a "arrecadar fundos para o lar de um velho camarada". Zacharia falou longamente sobre seu relacionamento com a esquerda.

“Eu cresci como uma pessoa de esquerda. O primeiro governo comunista eleito do mundo veio a Kerala em 1957. Éramos todos muito jovens. A esquerda encheu o ar de novas ideias fantásticas, com poesia, com canções, do tipo que nunca tínhamos experimentado em nossas vidas. Foi uma Renascença extraordinária. Não acho que nada parecido tenha acontecido sob um partido comunista em qualquer lugar do mundo. Envolveu muitos artistas, muitos jovens, e foi assim que a esquerda chegou ao poder em Kerala - basicamente nas asas de uma revolução cultural. ”

A capa de A Secret History of Compassion

Claro, o outro lado não estava muito longe. “Nós pensamos que o Partido Comunista continuaria sendo o projeto dos sonhos como ele começou. No entanto, quando os comunistas chegaram ao poder, eles começaram a se assemelhar a qualquer outro partido político da Índia. E um a um, artistas, cineastas, pessoas muito experientes em suas áreas, começaram a sair do Partido. Porque eles estavam sendo informados: ‘Tudo o que você escreve, desenha ou dispara tem que concordar com a linha do partido’. Logo, o Partido se tornou um grupo de profissionais sem coração e sem mente que se reuniam a cada cinco anos para formar o governo ”.

Zacharia tinha uma advertência a adicionar, no entanto. “Isso não significa que jamais poderei desistir de meus ideais de esquerda. Mas isso é diferente de ser membro do Partido Comunista. "

Sua cruz para carregar

O fato de o primeiro nome de Pillai ser Jesus (ele afirma que seu pai conheceu Jesus Cristo pessoalmente) não é uma coincidência, parece - as obras anteriores de Zacharia também mostraram um profundo envolvimento com a história de Cristo. Em seu conto Até você ver o espelho, parte da coleção Os reflexos de uma galinha em sua última hora (Penguin, 1999, traduzido por AJ Thomas e o autor), um jovem Jesus experimenta um momento de medo, dúvida e, finalmente, desespero existencial quando olha atentamente para seu próprio reflexo em um grande espelho. Na novela Quais são as notícias, Pilatos? (parte do livro Katha de 2001 Duas Novelas, traduzido por Gita Krishankutty), encontramos um idoso Pôncio Pilatos, o prefeito romano que ordenou a crucificação de Cristo, um administrador bem-intencionado, mas claramente sem noção. Por meio de uma carta que está redigindo e das observações sinceras de seu secretário judeu, Zacharia critica Jesus (referido aqui como Yeshu), embora com delicadeza.

“Pilatos, devo lhe contar o maior fracasso de Yeshu, que você não entendeu? É que ele não abriu todas as portas de seu mundo para nós mulheres e nos convidou a entrar. Ele perdia tempo com aqueles burros, a quem chamava de discípulos. (...) Quem pode proteger a alma de um homem como uma mãe, uma esposa, um amante ou uma irmã? Se ao menos ele tivesse se agarrado à mãe na confusão de procurar seu pai! "

Esta é a assinatura de Zacharia - para falar afetuosamente de algo ou alguém e enfaticamente cortá-los em tamanho na mesma passagem. É, em última análise, a maior força de Uma história secreta de compaixão, um romance de ideias que nunca deixa seu ritmo esmorecer ou seus personagens descansam sobre os louros. Ninguém está acima da crítica e todos estão na linha de fogo, como geralmente é o caso com grandes satiristas. E quanto à compaixão, bom, é só provar a direção que Pillai / Aranha tomar, em torno da metade do romance (com muitas voltas e reviravoltas pela frente).

“É possível, podemos então perguntar, que os estabelecimentos da Compaixão mais eficientemente organizados no mundo são nossos exércitos, marinhas, forças aéreas, serviços secretos, terroristas, ditadores, fundamentalistas religiosos e controladores de botões nucleares? Talvez os tenhamos confundido com aniquiladores, ao passo que eles apenas aniquilam o sofrimento em sua raiz, colocando um fim na vida. A vida está por trás de todos os problemas. Acabar com isso, e chegaremos a um universo modelo de valas comuns onde Compassion é um pássaro preto voando na noite, cantando pela liberdade. ”

Como as melhores paródias, esta passagem é hilária e assustadora - e é uma combinação muito, muito difícil de decifrar. Demorou muito, mas o primeiro romance de Paul Zacharia valeu a pena esperar.


Pesquisa de registros criminais e de detenções de Christopher Zacharia Metcalf

Informações pessoais

Primeiro nome Christopher Zacharia

Último nome Metcalf

Gênero Masculino

Informações de apreensão

Estado de detenção Kentucky

Condado de Arrest & mdash

Cidade de detenção & mdash

Informação de aparência

Altura 169

Cor de cabelo BLK

Cor dos olhos MANO

Informação de localização

Outras informações disponíveis para Christopher Zacharia Metcalf

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A ascensão e queda do anticristo

A Bíblia ensina que no fim dos tempos, pouco antes do retorno de Jesus, o maior líder político da história da humanidade surgirá da Europa. Depois de assumir o controle dessa área com astúcia diplomática e engano, ele lançará uma campanha militar que resultará em sua aquisição de & # 8220 autoridade sobre cada tribo e povo e língua e nação & # 8221 (Apocalipse 13: 7). Seu império será o mais extenso de toda a história, abrangendo o mundo inteiro, e seu governo será o mais demoníaco que o mundo já experimentou.

Ele começará sua ascensão ao poder como um líder dinâmico, carismático, perspicaz e visionário que surpreenderá o mundo com a inteligência de suas soluções para os problemas mundiais. Ele parecerá ser o salvador do mundo. Mas à medida que ele consolida seu poder, sua verdadeira natureza será revelada. Ele surgirá como uma pessoa possuída e capacitada por Satanás, que odeia a Deus e está determinada a aniquilar tanto o Cristianismo quanto o Judaísmo. Por esta razão, ele é identificado nas escrituras como o Anticristo (1 João 2:18), pois ele se levantará contra Deus e Seu ungido, Jesus Cristo.

Sua origem

De onde virá essa pessoa sinistra? Alguns especularam que ele sairia da Síria, já que um de seus tipos proféticos na história & # 8212 Antíoco Epifânio (215-164 aC) & # 8212 era um tirano sírio. Mas Antíoco era, na verdade, de herança grega. Ele poderia, portanto, ser grego? Não é provável.

É muito mais provável que ele saia do coração do antigo Império Romano e seja de ascendência italiana. Esta conclusão é baseada em uma declaração em Daniel 9:26. Nessa passagem, o Anticristo é referido como & # 8220 o príncipe que há de vir & # 8221 e é identificado como sendo do povo que & # 8220 destruirá a cidade e o santuário. & # 8221

Sabemos pela história que Jerusalém e o templo judaico foram destruídos pelos romanos em 70 d.C. Portanto, de acordo com Daniel, o Anticristo deve ser de herança romana.

Ele será um judeu? Muitos presumem que o será porque Jesus disse, & # 8220Eu vim em nome de meu Pai & # 8217s, e você não me recebe se outro vier em seu próprio nome, você o receberá & # 8221 (João 5:43). Com base nesta declaração, as pessoas perguntam: & # 8220Como os judeus poderiam possivelmente receber um gentio como seu Messias? & # 8221

Mas a Bíblia não ensina que os judeus receberão o Anticristo como seu Messias. Ensina que eles o aceitarão como um grande líder político e diplomata e que confiarão nele como fiador da paz no Oriente Médio.

Mas no momento em que ele se revelar como o Anticristo, profanando o Templo reconstruído pelos judeus e blasfemando contra Deus, o povo judeu se revoltará. Eles o rejeitarão como Messias, e ele responderá com fúria tentando aniquilá-los.

O anticristo não precisa ser judeu. E, de fato, a Bíblia deixa claro que ele será um gentio. Em Apocalipse 13: 1, ele é retratado como uma & # 8220 besta subindo do mar. & # 8221 O mar é usado consistentemente em todas as escrituras proféticas como um símbolo das nações gentias (Daniel 7: 3, Lucas 21:25 e Apocalipse 17: 1).

Em contraste, o braço direito do Anticristo, o Falso Profeta, que servirá como seu líder religioso, será um judeu. Isso é revelado em Apocalipse 13:11, onde diz que João viu & # 8220 outra besta subindo da terra [literalmente, a terra]. & # 8221 Assim como o mar é usado simbolicamente na profecia para se referir às nações gentias, a terra (ou terra) é usada para se referir a Israel. Isso não significa que o Falso Profeta será um judeu ortodoxo. Significa apenas que ele será de herança judaica. Religiosamente, ele será um judeu apóstata que chefiará a Religião Única Mundial do Anticristo.

Há uma outra questão relacionada à origem do Anticristo que precisamos considerar. Muitos argumentam que ele será uma pessoa ressuscitada dos mortos & # 8212 provavelmente Nero ou Judas Iscariotes. Esta suposição é baseada em uma declaração em Apocalipse 13: 1-3, onde João descreve o Anticristo como uma besta com sete cabeças. Ele então faz a observação de que uma de suas cabeças apareceu & # 8220 como se tivesse sido morta, e sua ferida fatal foi curada. & # 8221 Ele comenta que & # 8220 toda a terra ficou pasma & # 8221 com isso e, portanto, & # 8220 seguiu a besta & # 8221 (Apocalipse 13: 3).

O problema com essa interpretação é que & # 8220a ferida fatal & # 8221 mencionada na passagem não tem nada a ver com a pessoa do Anticristo. As sete cabeças representam sete impérios gentios & # 8212, a saber, Egito, Assíria, Babilônia, Medo-Pérsia, Grécia, Roma e o império final do Anticristo. A cabeça com a ferida fatal que foi curada é do Império Romano. Sabemos disso pelo livro de Daniel, onde está profetizado que o Império Romano será o último dos impérios gentios até o fim dos tempos, quando o império do Anticristo emergirá de uma Europa reunificada & # 8212, isto é, de um renascimento de o antigo Império Romano (Daniel 2: 31-45 e 7: 1-8, 24-28).

As profecias de Daniel provaram ser absolutamente precisas. O Império Romano foi o último dos impérios gentios. Ele se desintegrou no sistema de estado-nação que prevalece até hoje. Houve inúmeras tentativas militares de ressuscitar o Império Romano, principalmente por Napoleão e Hitler. Hoje, o núcleo do Império está se aglutinando diante de nossos olhos por meios diplomáticos, produzindo uma Europa unida que servirá como base para a ascensão do Anticristo.

Outra passagem usada para justificar a ideia do Anticristo sendo uma pessoa ressuscitada é Zacarias 11:17 & # 8212 & # 8220Ai do pastor inútil que deixa o rebanho! Uma espada estará em seu braço e em seu olho direito! Seu braço ficará totalmente atrofiado e seu olho direito ficará cego. & # 8221

Argumenta-se que esta passagem indica que o Anticristo será uma pessoa que sofreu um ferimento fatal. Agora, não há dúvida de que esta passagem se refere ao Anticristo, mas acredito que está falando sobre seu destino, e não sobre sua origem. Usando linguagem simbólica, parece-me que o profeta está dizendo que o julgamento divino (a espada) recairá sobre o poder do Anticristo (seu braço) e sua inteligência (seus olhos), e que ele sofrerá uma derrota completa (o murchamento de seu braço e a cegueira de seus olhos).

A ideia de que o Anticristo será uma pessoa ressuscitada levanta um sério problema teológico a respeito do poder de Satanás. As Escrituras deixam claro que o Anticristo será o homem de Satanás, fortalecido por ele e possuído por ele. Mas não há nenhuma indicação nas Escrituras de que Satanás tem o poder de dar vida a alguém. Satanás não é onipotente. Jesus é quem tem & # 8220as chaves da morte e do Hades & # 8221 (Apocalipse 1:18).

Uma das perguntas mais comuns é se o Anticristo está vivo ou não hoje. Acredito que sim, e acredito que sim por duas razões. Primeiro, creio que as Escrituras ensinam que a geração que vê o restabelecimento de Israel (14 de maio de 1948) viverá para ver todas as profecias do tempo do fim cumpridas (Mateus 24: 32-34). Em segundo lugar, acredito que os sinais dos tempos indicam claramente que estamos no limiar da Tribulação, sendo o mais importante desses sinais o reagrupamento dos judeus em suas terras (Isaías 11: 10-12) e sua reocupação da cidade de Jerusalém (Lucas 21:24).

Se o anticristo está vivo hoje, ele sabe quem ele é? Eu acho que não. Não acho que ele tenha a menor idéia do papel que Satanás tem em mente para ele. Ele não se tornará o Anticristo até que Satanás o possua e o capacite para enganar a Europa e os judeus. Sua revelação completa não ocorrerá até que ele entre no templo reconstruído em Jerusalém no meio da Tribulação e se declare deus.

Mas estamos avançando em nossa história. Vamos considerar seu personagem antes de dar uma olhada em sua carreira.

Seu personagem

A Bíblia é muito específica sobre o caráter do Anticristo, e o quadro que ela pinta é nojento. As informações mais detalhadas podem ser encontradas no livro de Daniel. Considere o gráfico abaixo:

Mais e mais ênfase é dada à boca do Anticristo. Ele se gabará sem parar de si mesmo (Daniel 7: 8). Ele vai & # 8220 falar coisas monstruosas contra o Deus dos deuses & # 8221 (Daniel 11:36). Ele será & # 8220dado a falar palavras arrogantes e blasfêmias & # 8221 (Apocalipse 13: 5). Em primeiro lugar, ele será um fanfarrão e um blasfemador.

Ele será obstinado e imprudente em sua determinação de fazer o que quer. Ele mostrará desprezo pelas tradições humanas e, é claro, mudará até mesmo o calendário para que não esteja mais relacionado ao nascimento de Jesus (Daniel 7:25).

Another point that is emphasized repeatedly is that the Antichrist will be possessed by Satan, just as Judas was (Luke 22:3). Daniel says his power will be mighty, “but not by his own power” (Daniel 8:24). Paul says his coming will be “in accord with the activity of Satan, with all power and signs and false wonders” (2 Thessalonians 2:9). John says that Satan will give his power and authority to the Antichrist (Revelation 13:2).

Because he will be demonized, he will be a man who cannot be trusted. Psalm 52:2 says he will be a “worker of deceit.” Psalm 55:21 says his speech will be “smoother than butter” but his heart will be filled with war. Psalm 5:6 calls him “a man of bloodshed and deceit.” In Psalm 43:1 he is referred to as a “deceitful and unjust man.”

Daniel indicates that he will be a sexual pervert, most likely a homosexual. As Daniel puts it, the Antichrist will show no regard “for the desire of women” (Daniel 11:37).

The overall picture is that of an ego-maniac who abhors God and exploits people for his own purposes. He is deceptive and ruthless. He is a man devoid of integrity. This is probably the reason that when Jesus returns, John characterizes Him as the “Faithful and True” One (Revelation 19:11), in contrast to the Antichrist who has been both unfaithful and untrue.

The lack of character that will be displayed by the Antichrist is perhaps best summed up in some of the names given to him in the Scriptures:

  • The Beast (Revelation 13:1)
  • The Man of Lawlessness (2 Thessalonians 2:3)
  • The Son of Destruction (2 Thessalonians 2:3)
  • The Despicable Person (Daniel 11:21)
  • The Willful King (Daniel 11:36)
  • The Worthless Shepherd (Zechariah 11:17)
  • The Insolent King (Daniel 8:23)
  • The Abomination (Matthew 24:15)

His Career

The Rapture of the Church is the event that will launch the career of the Antichrist. This is revealed in 2 Thessalonians 2 where Paul states that the Antichrist cannot be revealed until “he who now restrains” him is “taken out of the way” (verse 7). The restrainer of evil in the world today is obviously the Holy Spirit, and the Spirit performs that task by working through the Church.

It is the Church that will be “taken out of the way,” not the Holy Spirit. We know this for certain because the book of Revelation teaches that a great multitude will be saved during the Tribulation (Revelation 7:9-14), and no one can be saved apart from the witness of the Spirit (John 6:44, John 15:26, and 1 John 5:7). The Spirit will remain in the world, but the agency the Spirit currently works through to restrain evil, the Church, will be removed.

The Rapture itself is likely to be the event that will catapult the Antichrist to power. This is because the Rapture will produce international chaos and panic. The Antichrist, energized by Satan (Daniel 8:24), will seem to have all the answers to the world’s problems. He will take over the European Union through skillful intrigue (Daniel 8:23) and will establish his headquarters in Rome (Revelation 17:3,9,18).

The seven year time period of the Tribulation will actually begin when the Antichrist negotiates a treaty that will bring true peace to the Middle East, enabling the Jews to rebuild their Temple (Daniel 9:27). With his European base consolidated and peace achieved in the Middle East, he will set forth to subdue the whole world.

One of the myths about the Antichrist that has developed in modern day interpretation is that the whole world will become so enamored with him that all the nations will surrender their sovereignty to him voluntarily. The Bible does not teach this. It is also contrary to common sense. Africa and Asia and Latin America have not spent a century casting off European colonialism in order to suddenly turn around and receive a European dictator with open arms.

The world will resist him, and the result will be a Third World War in which he “will destroy to an extraordinary degree” (Daniel 8:24). This war will initially result in the death of one-fourth of humanity, or 1.5 billion people in today’s terms (Revelation 6:2-8). As the Tribulation approaches its mid-point, this war will escalate into a nuclear holocaust that will result in the deaths of an additional one-third of those still alive — another 1.5 billion (Revelation 8 and 9).

It will be a empty victory because in the process of his conquest, one-third of the earth will be destroyed and half its population will be killed. He will then consolidate his “victory” by instituting a one-world economy and a one-world religion.

The key to his economic control will be a mark that each person will have to bear on their right hand or on their forehead (Revelation 13:16-18). No one will be able to buy or sell unless they have this mark. The mark will consist of “either the name of the beast or the number of his name” (Revelation 13:18).

His religious control will be exercised by a false prophet who will head up his pagan religious system (Revelation 13: 11-15). He will force all of humanity to worship the Antichrist. He will be a deceiver who will astound people with “great signs” that appear miraculous in nature. In order to consolidate this Satanic religious system, the Antichrist will launch a great persecution of all those who have placed their faith in the true God since the Rapture of the Church (Revelation 12:13-17). The result will be a mass slaughter of believers (Revelation 7:9-14).

This means that by the mid-point of the Tribulation, the Antichrist will have killed more than half of humanity (1.5 billion in the seal judgments, 1.5 billion in the trumpet judgments, and an undetermined multitude of saints.) It is no wonder that he is referred to in Scripture as “the man of lawlessness” and “the son of destruction” (2 Thessalonians 2:3).

Nor will all this slaughter satisfy his blood thirst. About the time that the Antichrist has consolidated his world empire, Satan will be cast from Heaven and will come to earth in “great wrath, knowing that he has only a short time” (Revelation 12:12). At that point he will possess the Antichrist, even as he possessed Judas (Luke 22:3).

When the Antichrist becomes Satan incarnate, he will become a megalomaniacal tyrant obsessed with two things: himself and the Jewish people.

He will suddenly march into the rebuilt Temple in Jerusalem, stop the sacrifices, blaspheme God, and declare himself to be the one and only true god (Daniel 9:27 and 2 Thessalonians 2:4). And when the Jews reject this horrible blasphemy, he will turn on them and seek to annihilate them. This will be his all-consuming passion during the second half of the Tribulation. That’s why Jesus told the Jews that this period of time would be the “great tribulation” (Matthew 24:21) — not because it would be worse than the first half, but because the wrath would be focused upon them as a nation and a people.

Satan has an insane hatred for the Jews. He hates them because they gave the world the Scriptures. He hates them because God sent the Messiah through them. And he hates them because God has promised that He will bring a great remnant of them to salvation in their Messiah. He wants to destroy them so that God cannot keep that promise.

During the second half of the Tribulation, he will almost succeed in accomplishing this goal. We are told in Zechariah 13:8-9 that two-thirds of the Jewish people will die during this holocaust (another 9.3 million people).

His Fate

The Bible indicates that as the Antichrist becomes obsessed with the Jews, he loses interest in his worldwide empire, and segments of that empire begin to revolt. The core of the revolt is centered in the Asian nations who raise an army of 200 million and send it marching across Asia toward Israel where they hope to engage the Antichrist in a decisive battle for their freedom.

Daniel says that while the Antichrist and his armies are rampaging around the Middle East, looting the nations and killing the Jews, the Antichrist suddenly hears “rumors” that “disturb him” (Daniel 11:40-44). He evidently hears about the great Asian army coming to challenge him. He responds by consolidating his forces “between the seas and the beautiful Holy Mountain” (Daniel 11: 45). This is the same area that is referred to in Revelation as the Valley of Armageddon.

We are told that the Euphrates River dries up at this time and the great Asian army crosses to engage the Antichrist and his armies in battle (Revelation 16:12). As they fight, the Lord Jesus Christ breaks from the heavens, returns to the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem, and speaks a supernatural word that causes all the armies to drop dead in their tracks. “Their eyes rot in their sockets and their tongues rot in their mouths” (Zechariah 14:12), and the valley is filled with blood up to the horses’ bridles for a distance of two hundred miles (Revelation 14:20).

Paul says the Antichrist will be slain by “the breath of the Lord” (2 Thessalonians 2:8). John says the Lord will make war against the Antichrist “with the sword of His mouth” (Revelation 2:16). Daniel says the Antichrist’s “dominion will be taken away, annihilated and destroyed forever” (Daniel 17:26). Daniel also says that the Antichrist will be thrown into “the burning fire” (Daniel 7:11).

John confirms the fate of the Antichrist in Revelation when he says that both the Antichrist and the False Prophet will be thrown into “the lake of fire which burns with brimstone” (Revelation 19:20) where “they will be tormented day and night forever and ever” (Revelation 20:10). This means that the Antichrist and the False Prophet will be the first occupants of Hell. (Satan will not be confined there until the end of the Millennium — Revelation 20:10).

Our Hope

The good news for believers is that we will not have to experience the horror of the Antichrist. We are never told to watch for the Antichrist rather, we are told to look for Jesus Christ. In 1 Thessalonians 1:10 we are assured that we who are believers are waiting for Jesus to return to “deliver us from the wrath to come.” That is a glorious promise. That’s why Paul calls the Rapture our “blessed hope” (Titus 2:13), and its also the reason that he tells us to “comfort one another” with the promise of the Rapture (1 Thessalonians 4:18).


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Is Dave Ramsey’s empire the ‘best place to work in America’? Say no and you’re out

NASHVILLE, Tenn. (RNS) — Dave Ramsey has spent the past three decades trying to build what he calls the best place to work in America.

From his headquarters south of Nashville, the evangelical Christian personal finance guru runs a media and live events empire that includes a popular national talk radio show. Tickets to workshops on topics such as “EntreLeadership”  run from $3,000 to $10,000.

Thousands of churches around the country, meanwhile, host Ramsey’s “Financial Peace University,” a 9-week program built around his principles for handling money “God’s way.”

Ramsey’s primary product, he says, is hope, often in short supply when debt mounts up. That’s something Ramsey knows firsthand. When he was in his mid-20s, Ramsey and his wife owed millions after his real estate business failed. Following advice from a church friend, they rebuilt their lives.

The people who have followed his path now make pilgrimages to perform their “Debt Free Scream” on his radio show — celebrating  that Ramsey’s methods gave them control of their lives.

But inside the company’s $42 million headquarters, which opened in 2019 in Franklin, Tennessee, Ramsey’s orchestration of what he calls a “predictable and reliable and safe and godly” company has been under stress from COVID-19, and Ramsey’s demands for unquestioning loyalty.

Ramsey’s intolerance for dissent has created what former employees call a cultlike environment, where leaders proclaim their love for staff and then fire people at a moment’s notice.

Ramsey Solutions, former employees and their spouses say, is run more like a church than a business. A review of court documents, company emails and recordings of staff meetings backs up these sources’ claims that company leaders attempt to exert control over employees’ personal lives.

At a staff meeting in July, Ramsey railed at his staff after an employee sued Ramsey Solutions for firing her for having premarital sex, which is against company policy, and said he would pay the price to protect what he had built out of love for his employees.

“I am sick of dealing with all this stuff,” Ramsey bellowed, according to a recording obtained by Religion News Service. “I’m so tired of being falsely accused of being a jerk when all I’m doing is trying to help people stay in line.”

In this July 29, 2009, file photo, financial guru Dave Ramsey sits in his broadcasting studio in Brentwood, Tenn. Ramsey Solutions later moved to a new corporate headquarters in Franklin. (AP Photo/Josh Anderson, File)

In a sarcastic email responding to a request for comment on this story, Ramsey Solutions wrote, “We want to confirm for you that you are right, we are horrible evil people.”

In a follow-up email, the company said that it contests many of “the facts, details and conclusions” of Religion News Service’s reporting,” without specifying their objections. The company also declined to comment on pending litigation. (The entire statement can be found here.)

Religion News Service’s request for comment was also emailed to all the staff at the company and to local pastors. Many of them emailed or called, either to tell how Ramsey’s teaching had changed their lives and their passion to change the “toxic money culture.”

Former employees also described Ramsey as a great place to work, at least at first. 

In the spring of 2020, Heather Fulk’s husband, Jon, was working as a developer for Ramsey Solutions, a job that offered great co-workers and a family-friendly schedule. The company’s mission, too, was something Jon could believe in, his wife said.

Heather was more skeptical. For one thing, there was the spousal interview. In his 2011 book “EntreLeadership,” Ramsey recommends that companies vet spouses to make sure their hire is not “married to crazy.”

“When hiring someone, you are employing more than just the person,” his website advises. “You’re taking on the whole family. And when they are married to someone who is domineering, unstable or simply full of drama, you’ll end up with a team member who can’t be creative, productive or excellent.”

Heather Fulk balked: She didn’t want to work for Ramsey, her husband did. She had no desire to risk being labeled a “crazy spouse” or to cost her husband a job. But after Jon got the position, Heather said, the company had little impact on their personal life, except for their feeling that they had to keep her credit card a secret — consumer debt is a Ramsey no-no.  

From the beginning, Ramsey downplayed the virus. His March 2, 2020 radio show began with a long rant against the news media, who, he said, were overstating the threat.

“You would think that the black plague was coming through the U.S., listening to people whine,” he told his audience. “You guys have lost your mind out there.”

He went on to say that the virus only affected the weak and infirm and that everyone else should get on with business as usual. He vowed to keep the company’s live events rolling, warning there would be no refunds.

“We have people calling in, they are wanting to cancel stuff for a live event in May — let me tell you how much of your money I am going to give you back if you don’t come for the coronavirus in May,” he said. “ZERO. I am keeping your money. You are a wuss.”

Plugging a “Live Like No One Else” cruise, scheduled for late March, Ramsey said he would go on the cruise, even if he was there “by my freaking self.” The cruise was later canceled.

Staffers, who are called “team members,” heard the same message. Don’t freak out. Trust company leaders to make wise decisions. Remember, the company existed to give people hope even in hard times.

“You are ok,” Ramsey said in an all-staff email published by the Nashville Scene in March after a company employee tested positive for COVID-19. “Ramsey is ok. This will soon be a memory.”

Within a few days, a second team member tested positive. Headquarters was shut down on March 20. Although the work-from-home experiment went well, the company’s leaders soon decided that Ramsey was not a work-from-home employer.

On May 4, the company’s offices reopened and, despite at least 100 positive cases in the subsequent seven months, have remained open since. Work continued on a $50 million addition to the company headquarters, which would house an additional 600 employees. 

Heather Fulk. Courtesy photo

Ramsey’s return to in-person work frustrated Heather Fulk. She has asthma, which puts her at higher risk if infected with COVID-19. After learning employees were being called back to headquarters, she made what she thought was an innocuous comment in a private Facebook post.

“Jon’s company wants to bring all 900 employees back asap when a majority can do their work from home,” she wrote on April 20. “I do *not* understand how people don’t see we are setting ourselves up for a huge second wave. Ugh, people make me so angry.”

Before long, Jon got a call from his supervisor who said a co-worker had reported Heather’s comment. They had a screenshot of the post, sent by the co-worker’s spouse.

A few weeks later, Jon was fired. In his exit interview, Armando Lopez, head of human resources at Ramsey, confirmed that the cause was his wife’s social media comment, according to a recording of the meeting.

“There is definitely a line in the sand that we have drawn, for good or for bad,” Lopez is heard saying on the recording. “But it is a definite point that we are making.”

Ramsey Solutions offered $18,000 in severance, provided the Fulks would sign a nondisclosure agreement and agree never to make any negative comments about Ramsey.

The couple refused, forfeiting the severance. The company later claimed in a cease-and-desist letter that Ramsey policies that Jon signed at his hiring required him to keep details about Ramsey confidential.

Heather said that turning down the money was the right thing to do, despite their having to rely on friends who bought groceries and gave them money to pay their bills — a sign, she said, that God was looking out for them.

“I didn’t want to live under the fear of if I say something,” she said. “Dave is watching, you know. And he is. He’s always watching. I just didn’t want to live under that cloud.” 

In mid-May, someone at Ramsey Solutions   filed an anonymous complaint with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration alleging that the company was not doing enough to prevent the spread of COVID-19, according to a record of the complaint in OSHA’s database.

That led to an angry tirade from Ramsey during a staff meeting last May. After ranting about how the pandemic was affecting his golf game, he said the company had told OSHA it was not going to do anything in response to the complaint. 

“So whoever you are, you moron, you did absolutely no good, except piss me off,” he told staff. “You are not welcome here if you are willing to do stuff like that. If you are really scared and you really think that leadership is trying to kill you … please, we love you. Just leave. We really don’t want you here.”

He warned employees not to contact anyone outside the building with their concerns.

“If you really think the people here are evil, bad people and you think that you can effect change by reaching outside of here, you are wrong,” he said. “And you are not welcome.”

Against the recommendation of his board not to address the OSHA complaint, Ramsey said he felt duty-bound to talk about it, because “I love this place and I really don’t want any morons here.” If he found out the person’s identity, he continued, “I will fire you instantaneously for your lack of loyalty, your lack of class, and the fact that you are a moron and you snuck through our hiring process,” he said.

Then he went on to tell employees how much he loved them and how Ramsey Solutions was still the best workplace in the world.

Rachel Self did not buy it.

A former user-experience designer at Ramsey, Self said Jon Fulk’s firing was a sign that something was wrong at the company. “That was proof to me that they meant what they said about some of these threats,” she said. “He was just gone.”

Self, who grew up in a Southern, evangelical home where her mom was a big Ramsey fan, said she had heard there had been issues at the company, but, like the Fulks, she liked the stable work environment and the company’s mission.

It was a chance, she said, to do something bigger than “just making a product people don’t need.” Besides, she said, “People were just kind. Exceedingly, glowing, Christian kind.”

Hired in January 2020, she was trained in the company’s 14 core values, which include having a “self-employed” mentality, never giving up and working “as unto the Lord.”

Co-workers asked her about her “Dave story”: a tale about how Ramsey had changed their life.

“It was like asking, ‘How did you meet Jesus?’” she said.

Returning to the office during the pandemic, however, Self became uncomfortable with the level of risk. People would lean over her desk to talk with her without masks, paying no heed to social distancing. Wearing a mask in the office, she said, was seen as a sign of distrust in the company’s leaders.

She doesn’t blame Ramsey alone. “A lot of Christians these days think COVID is not real,” she said. “I think that’s the underpinning problem.”

Amy Fritz, a Christian writer from Spring Hill, Tennessee, whose husband, Nathan, worked for Ramsey from 2012 to 2019, said that long-term staffers learn to dismiss his rants as just Dave being Dave. They love the work and keep their heads down.

“I think you sort of get inoculated to it,” Amy said.

It isn’t the Dave Ramsey she expected. Having read his EntreLeadership book, she said, “I thought, wow, here is a Christian businessman who works at a for-profit that’s about Jesus,” she said. “Wouldn’t it be amazing to be part of that?”

During the interview process, Fritz said she was asked about the company’s famous gossip policy. Ramsey often described gossip as “when you discuss a negative with anyone who can’t solve the problem.” He is ruthless in rooting it out.

 “We will not have it. I will fire your butt for this,” he boasted at a 2017 leadership event.

When the interviewer asked what she would do if her husband came home frustrated after work, Fritz said she would tell him to “talk to your leader.” At the time, Fritz said, she believed it.

While Nathan finished his interview, a member of the “Lampo Ladies,” a group of employee spouses, gave her a tour of Nashville. (Until a company rebrand in 2014, Ramsey Solutions was known as the Lampo Group.) 

Her husband was offered the job but first the couple would have to submit a budget to show that they could live on the salary Ramsey offered.

It was a stretch, said Fritz, but the couple made it work. And the excitement of going to work for Ramsey overwhelmed any concerns they had.

“We felt like we were chosen,” she said.

After they moved, Nathan’s new co-workers showed up to help unload the couple’s moving van. The next day, more Lampo Ladies showed to unpack boxes and set up their home. For years, Fritz did the same for other new employees.

 “They just provided this awesome sense of community,” said Fritz, who would eventually serve as a volunteer administrator for the Lampo Ladies Facebook group and encouraged wives of employees to join. “Nathan felt like he was going to Disneyworld every day.”

Doubts about the company began to creep in only after a 2014 incident that came to be known as “Twittergate.” After several anonymous Twitter accounts began to make fun of the company culture, the Daily Beast reported at the time, Dave Ramsey offered bounties during a staff meeting for anyone who would identify the tweeters.

The Daily Beast also reported that in 2011, Ramsey pulled out a gun to make a point about how much he hated gossip — a detail that a company official would later confirm in a deposition. Since that time, Ramsey has boasted to staff about carrying a gun at all times.

Fritz defended the company during Twittergate.

“Kind of bummed to see you tweet in support of an untrue hit piece. My husband works at Lampo. So, we actually know the truth,” she tweeted after the Daily Beast piece. The possibility that something was wrong at Ramsey, she told RNS, was too “horrible to consider.”

But she remembers thinking, “I don’t want people to see Dave’s character.” She also began to worry about the company’s merging of Christian mission and business opportunism. “When you mix faith, Christianity, and business, it can sometimes feel icky,” she said.

Some employees question how much of the culture at Ramsey Solutions is driven by Christianity and how much by a pursuit of profit.

In November 2018, as the company was gearing up for a multimillion-dollar book launch for Ramsey radio host Chris Hogan’s “Everyday Millionaires,” Hogan’s wife, Melissa, came to Ramsey leadership with allegations that Chris had been unfaithful to her.

The husband of a woman Chris had an affair with had begun to comment on Chris’ Twitter feed, responding to his tweets with Bible verses about adultery. Melissa Hogan believed that the allegations against her husband would become public.

Melissa told RNS in an email that she went to see Ramsey to discuss what to do. The company, she said, had been supportive of her and her husband after their youngest son was diagnosed with a rare disease. She also knew, given Ramsey’s outspoken stand against adultery, that coming forward could cost Chris his job and was concerned about the couple’s future. 

“If their spouse can’t trust them, neither can I,” Ramsey wrote in “EntreLeadership,” and the company has been willing to defend its code of conduct in court.  

In July 2020, Caitlin O’Connor, a former Ramsey Solutions employee, sued the company, claiming she had been fired after requesting maternity leave in the summer of 2020. According to the lawsuit, O’Connor emailed Lopez, the human resources chief, on June 18, 2020, asking for accommodations under the federal Family and Medical Leave Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act because she was 12 weeks pregnant. & # 160

A week later, after meeting with two members of Ramsey’s operating board, O’Connor was fired for being pregnant and not married, according to the lawsuit. Board members and Lopez told her it was because she had violated the company’s code of conduct.

The lawsuit claims the company’s “righteous living” core value “discriminates against employees who do not strictly adhere to Ramsey’s interpretation of ‘Judeo-Christian’ values for non-work related behavior.”

Ramsey’s lawyers denied any discrimination. “Defendant admits that Plaintiff’s employment was terminated because she engaged in premarital sex,” which the company’s court filings said is a violation of its core values. & # 160

The day after news of the lawsuit broke, Ramsey defended the company’s policies during the company’s regular Wednesday “devo” meeting, a mandatory all-company chapel service.

Ramsey told employees that the policies were necessary to maintain a predictable, safe and “godly” culture. Without them, he said, Ramsey would be just like any other company, a “cesspool” of sex and racism and #MeToo complaints. Sex outside of marriage is wrong, he told employees, according to a recording obtained by RNS.

“Don’t talk to me about how you love your pastor and your church. And I just moved in with my boyfriend,” he said. “That’s so freaking inconsistent and stupid.”

People who disagree with company policies should leave, he said, because the company would not sanction “misbehavior.”

“And if you don’t like that, this is your cue,” he said. “Don’t let the door hit you in the ass.”

Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, secular employers, especially larger ones, are generally barred from discriminating on the basis of religion and other factors. Federal law also bars discrimination on the basis of pregnancy. 

But at-will employment states such as Tennessee permit employers to fire employees for almost any reason, said Holly Hollman, general counsel and associate executive director of the Baptist Joint Committee for Religious Liberty. Many companies have codes of conduct that bar behaviors also frowned on by religious groups.

Still, she said, there is a difference between a secular employer and a faith-based one. Secular employers like Ramsey, she said, are not exempt from Title VII, even if their owners are religious. A Christian boss such as Ramsey can’t require employees to share his beliefs or practice Christianity the way he does.

In 2014, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the owners of Hobby Lobby, who claimed their Christian faith prohibited them from paying for certain kinds of contraceptives. But that was a narrow ruling and very case-specific, said Hollman.

“There is no religious exemption under Title VII based on the piety of the owners,” she said.

Stuart Lark, a Colorado Springs attorney who advises nonprofits on personnel issues and religious accommodations, said that in recent years, the courts have supported the religious exercise rights of commercial employers.

“The U.S. Supreme Court has expressly held that employers do not forfeit their religious exercise rights when they enter the commercial marketplace,” said Lark. He thinks that for-profit companies whose owners have strong religious beliefs may be exempt from Title VII in some cases.

“It’s still an open question, and the answer may depend on whether the employer can establish that its activities and policies exercise or express its religious beliefs.” he said.

On his leadership blog, Ramsey has defended his rights to enforce a moral code and to fire people for things like extramarital affairs. “I’ve got a right to tell my employees whatever I want to tell them,” he wrote. “They freaking work for me.”

People attend a worship service entitled “Watch the Darkness Flee,” Thursday, Jan. 14, 2021, at Ramsey Solutions headquarters in Franklin, Tennessee. RNS photo by Bob Smietana

After RNS asked to interview Ramsey and Hogan and to request comment for this story, the company invited a reporter to attend a worship service entitled “Watch the Darkness Flee” at the company’s headquarters, where hundreds of team members gather in the building’s atrium to sing worship songs. Almost no one wore a mask. There was little social distancing. 

“Ramsey, may we be those who trust him even in the day of trouble, because we know he is good,” one of the worship leaders said as the service drew to a close.

In the end, Ramsey did not fire Hogan. Instead, after a meeting that included the Hogans, leaders from their church and other members of the company’s board, the company set up a “restoration plan” for the couple’s marriage that would allow the book tour to go forward. After the tour, Chris would take time off to work on the couple’s marriage.

Melissa Hogan said she agreed with the plan at first but then became concerned at the level of control that Ramsey’s leadership wanted.

“In essence, as part of that process, we were to waive confidentiality with our therapists in order for them to report to Ramsey Solutions’ leaders,” she said in her email. “I now recognize that to be unhealthy, controlling, spiritually manipulative, and deeply wounding.”

According to emails obtained by RNS, the leadership at Ramsey offered to pay for marriage counseling, with “regular and full reports” from the counselor to Ramsey leadership. Dave also asked two of his colleagues to work with the pastor and elders at the church the Hogans attended to get reports on the couple.

 When Melissa Hogan disagreed with parts of the Ramsey restoration plan, she was told that she “lacked hope for her marriage’s future” and lacked faith in the company’s wisdom. She was eventually barred from her husband’s book tour.

“During a process that was supposed to help restore our marriage, Ramsey Solutions’ board members attempted to manipulate and control me through emails and phone calls,” she said in her email. “They characterized their plan as aligning with the Holy Spirit and suggested that things would not ‘end well’ if I made choices to support healing in my marriage and family that either were not directed by them or decisions that they did not approve.”

Ramsey officials justified their approach by saying that working for the company was a “ministry and a mission,” and her husband had a “calling on his life.”

After the Hogans filed for divorce, Ramsey told employees in a May 2019 all-staff meeting that Chris Hogan was going through what Ramsey characterized as a “really nasty divorce” and that Melissa had shown up unannounced at his office to make angry and untrue allegations about her then-husband.

“Suffice to say, there are no angels on this story,“ he said.

Ramsey said that some staff had already begun to believe rumors that the leadership was somehow covering up misconduct on Chris Hogan’s part. Leadership, on the other hand, had put “rumor and innuendo aside” and focused on fact, he said.

“Looking at it, it was messy but there weren’t clear lines. And we said, OK, not because we are taking up for Chris because he’s getting ready to go on book tour but because there was not a clear line,” Ramsey told his employees at the staff meeting. “If there was a clear line, we would have taken the hit and canceled the book tour. But there wasn’t. And Chris wouldn’t be here anymore.”

Documents in the Hogans’ divorce filing tell a different story.

According to documents related to the divorce proceeding obtained by RNS, Chris Hogan admitted in March 2019 that he had committed adultery with multiple women during his marriage, including affairs with a former Ramsey co-worker and one of his wife’s relatives that lasted more than a year.

He admitted lying to his employer about the affair with the co-worker and about his relationships with “one or more women.” Hogan also admitted having oral sex, “sensual touching” and “sensual kissing” with one or more women during his marriage.

Melissa Hogan said she provided a statement to RNS because she disputed Ramsey’s retelling of her interactions with company leaders.

& # 8220Durante seus comentários na reunião de equipe de maio de 2019, Dave Ramsey também descaracterizou publicamente minhas ações durante o processo que se seguiu, envolvendo raiva, hipérbole e drama, & # 8221 ela disse. & # 8220O fato é que expressei repetidamente a eles meu apoio e preocupação por meu marido, meu casamento, nosso testemunho como crentes e a verdade. & # 8221

Ela acrescentou: & # 8220O trauma que experimentei em minhas interações com a liderança da Ramsey Solutions & # 8217 foi significativo, dada sua imagem pública e suas comunicações conflitantes e controladoras comigo. & # 8221

Chris Hogan não respondeu a um pedido de comentário.

Na reunião de equipe de maio de 2019, Ramsey disse a seus funcionários: & # 8220Se vocês estão preocupados com nossa integridade na liderança e estamos encobrindo (Hogan) porque ele é uma grande marca, a resposta é não. Nº & # 8221

Para o marido de Fritz, no entanto, a maneira como a empresa lidou com a situação de Hogan foi a gota d'água, disse sua esposa à RNS. Durante anos, os líderes da empresa demitiram membros da equipe por violarem o código de conduta, mesmo por infrações menores. Agora, disse Fritz, as regras não pareciam se aplicar.

O marido de Fritz e vários de seus colegas acabaram desistindo por causa da situação. & # 8220Deus usou esta organização para fazer coisas maravilhosas e trazer esperança para muitos, & # 8221 Fritz disse em uma postagem de blog agora excluída depois que seu marido foi embora. & # 8220Estávamos de coração partido ao ver um pouco da podridão por trás da cortina e que parecia ir até o topo. & # 8221


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